Amsterdam’s past is rich and colorful. The city’s history began in the 12th century when fishermen from the Amstel River region constructed a bridge to span the waterway close to the IJ, which at the time was a sizable saltwater inlet. Rising IJ waters frequently flooded the early settlement, but wooden locks under the bridge acted as a dam to protect the village. The Amstel River’s mouth, where the Damrak currently stands, created a natural harbor that was crucial for trade and exchange between larger judgeships and smaller ships that transported goods farther into the hinterland.

The earliest known record of the settlement of “Aemstelredamme” (Amsterdam), or the “dam in the river Amstel,” dates from October 27, 1275 CE. Count Floris V exempted the village’s residents from paying a bridge toll in the County of Holland through this document.


Interesting Facts

  • One of the most significant aspects that contributed to Amsterdam’s economic prowess and global footprint during the Golden Age was its trade background.
  • Its canals, stock exchange building, and privative courtyards are used to demonstrate the city’s great trade history as well as others of its historical importance.
  • Benefitting from its financial solvency and the role of Amsterdam as a center for the Dutch colonial empire, it became among some of the wealthiest cities in the 17th century.
  • The city is famous for its historic landmarks and canals, but it has hidden corners that unveil the details of glorious past and vibrant present life.
  • It is also worth investigating some of the other local tours and activities.


1. Rijksmuseum

The Rijksmuseum, an impressive architectural masterpiece that looms over Museum Square, houses a huge collection of Dutch art and history dating back more than 800 years. This is a temple of masterpieces in the Rijksmuseum where all works from Rembrandt, Vermeer and Van Gogh to spectacular objects that reflect national history can be found. The Dutch cultural heritage and the Golden Age of painting, visiting it allows one to get lost in its sacred halls.


2. The Van Gogh Museum

The Van Gogh Museum

Evidence of van Gogh’s magnanimous influence on world art is reflected in The Van Gogh Museum, which is dedicated completely to outstanding masterpieces created by Vincent Vangoff and presents his works. In the museum, visitors can enjoy a unique opportunity to see many works by Van Gogh–paintings and drawings alongside letters that reveal interesting facts about his life history. The museum offers a close view of Van Gogh’s genius, from the intense colors in Sunflowers to the sorrowful strokes in Starry Night.


3. Anne Frank’s House

Visit the historical building in which Anne Frank and her family hid from the Nazis during the war years. As you hear the knowledgeable guide narrate Anne’s story, you will get a glimpse into her world from her diary and the preserved rooms. Learn about the tremendous bravery and tenacity that Anne and her family, along with many others, displayed during this period.


4. Jewish Quarter

Take a stroll around the Jewish Quarter, which was formerly the center of a thriving Jewish community. Learn about the terrible events that occurred during World War II, as well as the area’s rich history and cultural significance. Discover the significance of important sites like the Jewish Historical Museum and the Portuguese Synagogue in maintaining Jewish heritage.



Amsterdam is more than just a city; it’s an embodiment of resilience, art, and history living in mosaic. Everything in Amsterdam tells a tale, the fisherman’s village that grew into an international business melting point. It does not matter whether you are visiting Anne Frank’s House, the Jewish Quarter, or other cultural attractions such as Rijksmuseum; Amsterdam is rich in culture and history. Amsterdam welcomes you into its past and current life while showing the tourists her most famous sights.


Germany’s Frankfurt is where Anne was born. After Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party took control of Germany in 1934, when she was four and a half years old, her family relocated to Amsterdam, Netherlands. She lived in and around Amsterdam for the majority of her life. In this blog we will explore Anne Frank’s story in detail. So, let’s dive in.


The Fate of Jews in Amsterdam

Beginning in May 1940, the German occupation of Amsterdam sealed the fate of the Frank family and other Jews residing in the city. The Germans started preparing to send Jews from the Netherlands to extermination camps in the east at the beginning of 1942. At this time, they mandated that the majority of Dutch Jews live in Amsterdam. Additionally, they chose to intern all non-Dutch Jews in the transit camp at Westerbork. German authorities deported Jews from Westerbork to the extermination camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sobibor in German-occupied Poland. On July 15, 1942, the first deportation transport headed for Auschwitz-Birkenau from Westerbork. Many Jews in the Netherlands, including the Franks, were alarmed by these deportations and the intensifying anti-Semitic actions.


Diary Of Anne Frank

Anne received a diary for her thirteenth birthday right before they went into hiding. In addition to writing about the happenings in the Secret Annex, Anne also wrote about her emotions and ideas during her two years of hiding. She also began writing a novel, wrote short stories, and copied sentences from books she had read for her Book of Beautiful Sentences. She found that writing had passed the time. Anne was prompted to combine her separate diaries into a single narrative, Het Achterhuis, after the Dutch government’s minister of education in England requested Radio Orange to preserve war diaries and records.


The History of the Secret Annex

Possibly the most famous building in Amsterdam, the Frank family’s hiding place welcomes over a million visitors annually. The story of Anne Frank is the main introduction given to guests of the Prinsengracht house. But the building’s history actually began 350 years earlier. Amsterdam began to flourish after 1585 as a result of the Netherlands’ significant contribution to colonial and international trade. The population of Amsterdam grew from 50,000 to 200,000 in 60 years. Construction of the building on Prinsengracht began during this Golden Age.

Houses and storage facilities beside the canal network of freight-transporting canals were constructed around the small town center. The warehouses along the waterfront served as storage for merchants. Living space became more and more necessary at the same time. This led to the construction of Prinsengracht 263, a private residence next to two warehouses, in 1635. Many of the properties were long and narrow because the land along the Amsterdam canals was in high demand. The backyards of existing homes were converted into so-called “annexes,” which provided additional space for living, working, and storing. Often, a courtyard would divide the main house from the annexes and connect them via a corridor to let natural light into both buildings.


The Secret Annex of Anne Frank

The 1739 annex is where Anne and her family fled into hiding. That year, over a century after Prinsengracht 263 was built, the old annex was destroyed, and a new, bigger annex was built in its place. A second renovation happened later. A room on the street level took the place of the basement. The home was now appropriate for businesses that needed a warehouse or spacious work area in addition to office space thanks to this intervention. That was precisely what Otto Frank desired for his business, Pectacon, nearly two centuries later.


Death Of Anne Frank

Anne passes away in Bergen-Belsen from exhaustion. Early in November 1944, Anne was once more placed on transport. Along with Margot, she was deported to the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen. In Auschwitz, their parents remained behind. The circumstances in Bergen-Belsen were also appalling. Food was scarce, the weather was chilly and damp, and infectious diseases were prevalent. Margot and Anne both had typhus. 

Due to its effects, they both passed away in February 1945—Margot first and Anne shortly after. Otto, Anne’s father, was the lone survivor of the Secret Annex residents during the conflict. After the Russians freed him from Auschwitz, he discovered his wife Edith had passed away on the arduous journey home to the Netherlands. He learned that Anne and Margot were also deceased while he was in the Netherlands.



The story of Anne Frank is a powerful reminder of human resilience and World War II horrors. Anne’s diary offers a personal glimpse into a life of dreams, hope, and fear in the face of unimaginable suffering. Her time in the Hidden Annex and tragic death are historical details that remind us to learn from the past. Anne Frank’s life and journal are crucial to understanding Earth’s history due to her inspiration and education.